By the way, today in Russia is the Day of the worker in the nuclear industry.
The inscription on the posters: Atomic energy - the cause of peace!
“The Day of Nuclear Industry Workers” was established by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin dated June 3, 2005 “On the Day of the Nuclear Industry Worker”.
This decree says:
Establish a professional holiday - the Day of the Nuclear Industry Worker and celebrate it on September 28.
The date for this holiday was not chosen by chance. On this day, September 28, 1942, the USSR State Defense Committee issued an order “On the organization of work on uranium.”
In particular, it said:
Oblige the Academy of Sciences of the USSR to resume work on the study of the feasibility of using atomic energy by fissioning the uranium nucleus and submit to the State Defense Committee by April 1, 1943 a report on the possibility of creating a uranium bomb or uranium fuel).
For this purpose, the order prescribed:
a) organize at the Academy of Sciences a special laboratory of the atomic nucleus …
c) by April 1, 1943, to carry out research in the laboratory of the atomic nucleus on the feasibility of fissioning uranium-235 nuclei. … to transfer by November 1, 1942 to the Academy of Sciences of the USSR one gram of radium for the preparation of a constant source of neutrons and 30 grams of platinum for the manufacture of a laboratory centrifuge installation.
Thus, September 28 can rightfully be called the birthday of nuclear energy in the USSR and Russia.